Academic Scholarship

Predictors of Teachers' Intention to Refer Students with ADHD to Mental Health Professionals: Comparison of U.S. and South Korea

School Psychology Quarterly, December 2013

Photo Needed Ji-Yeon Lee, Ph.D.
Dept of Professional Psychology and Family Therapy

A teacher’s intention to refer students to mental health professionals is important to the early identification of ADHD and prevention of further problems. The Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) was used to determine the strongest belief-related predictors of a teacher’s intentions to refer students with ADHD symptoms to a mental health professional in the U.S. and South Korea. Perceived stigma and knowledge of ADHD were additional predictors in examining the role of culture in a teacher’s perceptions of the public’s stigma toward ADHD and a teachers’ knowledge of ADHD. Cross-cultural differences exist. U.S. teachers’ (n = 235) intentions to refer were predicted by all TPB variables (i.e., attitudes about referral, beliefs about whether important others would approve of making a referral, and perceived behavioral control in making a referral). However, among South Korean teachers (n = 144), behavioral control and perceived stigma were the only predictors. The results imply the importance of considering the cultural context in understanding a teacher’s referral behaviors.

Sign In to PirateNet