Local Crystal Structural Modifications in Pulsed Laser Deposited High-K Dielectric Thin Films on Silicon and Germanium
Material Science in Semiconductor Processing, 11(6), 245- 249, October 2009
Mehmet A. Sahiner, Ph.D. Department of Physics
Joseph C. Woicik, Timothy Kurp, Jeffrey Serfass & Marc Aranguren
The thin film growth conditions are correlated with the local structures formed in HfxZr1−xO2 (x=0.0–1.0) high-k dielectric thin films on Si and Ge substrates during deposition. Pulsed laser deposition (PLD) technique has been used in the synthesis of the thin films with systematic variations of substrate temperature, Zr content of the targets and substrate selection. The local structural information acquired from extended X-ray absorption spectroscopy (EXAFS) is correlated with the thin film growth conditions. The response of the local structure around Hf and Zr atoms to growth parameters was investigated by EXAFS experiments performed at the National Synchrotron Light Source of Brookhaven National Laboratory. The competing crystal phases of oxides of Hf were identified and the intricate relation between the stabilized phase and the parameters as: the substrate temperature; Hf to Zr ratio; have been revealed. Specifically, HfO2 thin films on Si(1 0 0) exhibit a tetragonal to monoclinic phase transformation upon increase in the substrate temperature during deposition whereas, HfO2 PLD films on Ge(1 0 0) substrates remain in tetragonal symmetry regardless of the substrate temperature.