The Effect of a Social Support Boosting Intervention on Stress Coping & Social Support in Caregivers of Chilrden with HIV/AIDS
Journal of Nursing Research, Lippencott Raven Publishing, Philadelphia, PA, April 1998
Phyllis Russo, Ed.D., R.N. College of Nursing
P. Hansell, C. Hughes, G. Caliandro & W. Budin
Providing care for a child that is infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is challenging for the child's caregiver and affects the entire family system. Research has demonstrated that social support has the potential to buffer caregiver stress and facilitate caregiver coping. A two-group experimental study was implemented to test the effect of a social support boosting intervention on caregiver stress, coping and social support among caregivers of children with HIV/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). The subjects in the study were caregivers of children with HIV/AIDS. In this study, social support levels over time for seronegative caregivers were significantly different from those of seronegative caregivers in the control group. Three case studies are presented that illustrate differences between seronegative and seropositive caregivers. The case studies describe the problems identified by caregivers and the effectiveness of problem solving using the social support boosting intervention. Finally, the mobilization of social support is discussed.