Academic Readiness for College: The role of School Administrators
AASA Journal of Scholarship Practice, 6(4), 14-28., January 2010
Eunyoung Kim, Ph.D.
Department of Education Leadership, Management and Policy
The study utilized the National Education Longitudinal Study of 1988
(NELS:88) to identify which characteristics of academically effective
high schools are key determinants of students’ academic readiness for
college. A multilevel analysis shows that high school characteristics
affect student preparation for college in four core subject areas:
reading, math, science, and history. In addition, prior academic
achievement is the strongest predictor of academic readiness, followed
by high school socioeconomic status and high school climate. Results
indicate that students attending schools where academics are emphasized
are more likely to succeed, suggesting a systematic link between
student achievement and academic climate.