Whitehead School of Diplomacy and International Relations
M.A., Diplomacy - Specializations

Students work with faculty mentors to select and develop two areas of coursework concentration and take a minimum of three courses for each specialization. A range of functional and regional specializations are available to help students develop a more detailed understanding of critical global issues and processes. Course descriptions are available here.
 
Functional Specializations:
Foreign Policy Analysis
Global Health and Human Security
Global Negotiation and Conflict Management
International Economics and Development
International Law and Human Rights
International Organizations
International Security 
Post-Conflict State Reconstruction and Sustainability
 
Regional Specializations:
Africa
Asia
Europe
Latin America and the Caribbean
Middle East
 
Foreign language proficiency is strongly recommended to complement regional specialization studies.
 
Foreign Policy Analysis

The specialization in foreign policy analysis is designed for students interested in how states pursue their national interests in the realm of international affairs. The courses provide students with a strong conceptual foundation for understanding foreign security, economic, and humanitarian policy. They aim to develop expertise in evaluating the relative success of policy in these functional areas. Through carefully selected case studies, students are exposed to the very different types of challenges facing statesmen in key world regions.

In addition to preparing students for careers in government service, students interested in international business, journalism, and human rights work will find this specialization useful in their future careers. The intensive study of cost-benefit analysis and strategic interaction that is at the heart of the foreign policy specialization hones analytical skills that will serve students well in any future endeavor.

For more information contact Dr. Ann Marie Murphy.

DIPL 6119
New Approaches to Managing the Evolving Conflict Environment

DIPL 6180 Comparative Foreign Policy *  
DIPL 6181 Statecraft: Designing Foreign Policy  
DIPL 6182
U.S. Foreign Policy  
DIPL 6190 Seminar in Foreign Policy Analysis  
DIPL 6195 Creating a 21st Century Diplomacy  
DIPL 6196 Talking with the Enemy  
DIPL 6197 U.S. Policy on Stabilization and Reconstruction in Fragile States  
DIPL 6403 European Union: External Relations  
DIPL 6405 Foreign Policy of Post-Soviet States
 
DIPL 6409 Small State Diplomacy: Portugal's Role in International Affairs  
DIPL 6501 The Modern Middle East: U.S. Involvement  
DIPL 6610 China's Rise: Opportunities and Challenges  
DIPL 6611 International Relations of Southeast Asia  
DIPL 6622 China's Foreign Relations  
DIPL 6700 International Relations of the African States  
DIPL 6703 American Foreign Policy in Africa  
DIPL 6801 U.S. Foreign Policy in Latin America and the Caribbean  
* Required foundation course for specialization.

Global Health and Human Security
Health has become a pre-eminent political value for 21st century humanity. With new programs and initiatives constantly arising through varied organizations, the demand for professionals in this field is an omnipresent outcry that will not diminish. The School of Diplomacy is proud to be the first professional school of international affairs in the U.S. to offer an academic concentration that explicitly addresses the international security and foreign policy aspects of health issues. The coursework transcends traditional models of inter-state conflict and seeks to develop new tools of analysis in assessing the nature of global health threats and mapping out effective responses to them. It covers topics of biological weapons, new and re-emerging diseases, demographic and epidemiological transitions, and sustainable development.
 
Students may be involved in programs of the School's Center for Global Health Studies. Through opportunities such as Internships with the World Health Organization and other institutions, students gain a competitive edge in launching or furthering careers in government service, the public health sector, pharmaceutical and bio-tech industries, international organizations and other nonprofit groups.

For more information contact Dr. Yanzhong Huang.

DIPL 6127 Global Health, Bioterrorism, and International Security *  
DIPL 6004 Peacemaking and Peacekeeping  
DIPL 6003 International Environmental Policy  
DIPL 6129 Preventing Humanitarian Crises  
DIPL 6130 International Security  
DIPL 6278 Global Health Diplomacy  
DIPL 6279 Contagion and Conflict: Global Impact of Infectious Disease  
DIPL 6280 International Health and Development  
* Required foundation course for specialization.

Global Negotiation and Conflict Management
The ability to negotiate and manage conflicts effectively has become an essential skill in international diplomacy, as well as in our organizational and personal settings. The objective of this specialization is to empower students in the roles of negotiator, mediator, facilitator, and problem-solver. Students explore the causes of and approaches to managing and resolving conflict in the international context; the major foreign policy issues surrounding the management of international conflict; the analytical, methodological and practical tools of negotiation and mediation; the theory and practice of cross-cultural communication and problem-solving; and the nature, history, and implications of peace operations.
 
The coursework moves progressively from the prevention of international conflict, to negotiation and third party intervention, and culminates with post conflict peace-building. Using simulations and negotiation role plays in class, students are provided with a solid academic grounding in the relevant theories, history and cases, as well as practical knowledge and skills. Students seeking careers in the diplomatic service, government, international organizations, as well as NGO and advocacy work benefit from enhancing their negotiation performance and their ability to persuade and build consensus.

For more information contact Dr. Zheng Wang.

DIPL 6104 Art and Science of International Negotiation *  
DIPL 6004 Peacemaking and Peacekeeping  
DIPL 6114 Conflict Prevention  
DIPL 6115 Cross-Cultural Negotiation and Conflict Management  
DIPL 6116 Palestinian-Israeli Peace Process  
DIPL 6117 International Mediation  
DIPL 6118 Global Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding  
DIPL 6119
New Approaches to Managing the Evolving Conflict Environment

DIPL 6120
Catholic Peacemaking

DIPL 6121
Catholic Peacemaking Intensive Study Seminar

DIPL 6134 Nuclear Weapons in International Relations  
DIPL 6195 Creating a 21st Century Diplomacy  
DIPL 6196 Talking with the Enemy  
DIPL 6197 U.S. Policy on Stabilization and Reconstruction in Fragile States  
DIPL 6250
Conflict and Conflict Resolution in Plural Societies
 
DIPL 6251 Justice, Truth and Reconciliation in Post-Conflict Societies  
DIPL 6277 Global Health, Bioterrorism, and International Security  
DIPL 6278
Global Health Diplomacy
 
DIPL 6509 EU and Cyprus Study Seminar  
DIPL 6610 China's Rise: Opportunities and Challenges  
DIPL 6710 African Union Seminar  
DIPL 6717 Conflict and Forced Population Displacement in Africa  
* Required foundation course for specialization.

International Economics and Development
An understanding of global trade, global finance, and the effects of multinational corporations on international exchange relations is vital in order to understand interstate relations and development issues. International economics and finance is more important than ever to interstate relations, as the forces of globalization continue to increase the complex economic and political webs linking nation-states, transnational actors, and international organizations.

In order to appreciate the importance of international organizations or the economic causes of ethnic conflict, students need to understand the interaction of politics and economics. In addition, regional specializations benefit greatly from a nuanced appreciation for the economic and development issues associated with a given area of the world. Courses in the international economics and finance specialization provide students with the tools required to think critically and reason analytically about such topics as international trade, international finance, third world development, sustainable development and international political economy.

For more information contact Dr. Omer Gokcekus.

DIPL 6105 or
DIPL 6155
International Political Economy * or
Advanced Economic Aspects of International Relations *
 
DIPL 6032 International Trade Law  
DIPL 6113 International Financial Institutions  
DIPL 6150 Current Issues and Approaches in International Political Economy  
DIPL 6153 Comparative Political Economy of Development  
DIPL 6156 Advanced Financial Aspects of International Relations  
DIPL 6170 Advanced Topics in Economic Development for International Affairs  
DIPL 6280 International Health and Development  
DIPL 6409 Small State Diplomacy: Portugal's Role in International Affairs  
DIPL 6704 Economic Development in Africa  
DIPL 6806 Political Economy of Latin America and the Caribbean  
* Required foundation course for specialization.

International Law and Human Rights
International law topics that have been in the news recently include the status of prisoners in the war on terror, the creation of the International Criminal Court, and the implementation of the Kyoto Protocol on global warming. As these examples illustrate, an understanding of international law and human rights is crucial to an understanding of international affairs. International law affects the relations between states, the activities of international organizations, the operation of the international economy, and the interactions of businesses and individuals. Courses in the international law and human rights specialization examine these subjects and others, teaching students how to use the tools of legal analysis in an accessible and interdisciplinary way. Students learn to analyze issues and arguments in a rigorous manner, to tackle complicated topics with confidence, and to think on their feet.

For more information contact Dr. Philip Moremen.
 
DIPL 6005 Public International Law *  
DIPL 6004 Peacemaking and Peacekeeping  
DIPL 6008 International Criminal Law  
DIPL 6019 Women, World Religions and Human Rights  
DIPL 6031 International Environmental Policy  
DIPL 6032 International Trade Law  
DIPL 6104 Art and Science of International Negotiation  
DIPL 6129 Preventing Humanitarian Crises  
DIPL 6140 International Human Rights  
DIPL 6197 U.S. Policy on Stabilization and Reconstruction in Fragile States  
DIPL 6251
Justice, Truth, and Reconciliation in Post-Conflict Societies

DIPL 6279 Contagion and Conflict: Global Impact of Infectious Disease  
* Required foundation course for specialization. B.S./M.A. candidates who have taken DIPL 3104 have fulfilled the foundation course requirement for the specialization and should take three other courses from the specialization.

International Organizations
How do different states and other actors work together in search of solutions to pressing global problems? What are the most common mechanisms through which these actors try to reconcile their diverse interests? This specialization examines the role that international organizations play as the primary vehicles for facilitating cooperation in international politics. As transnational issues have grown in scope and complexity, the demands placed upon both global and regional international organizations have multiplied. From creating commonly accepted norms of state behavior to monitoring compliance with legally binding treaties, international organizations must continually struggle to promote human well-being in light of the political realities in which they operate. As such, international organizations act as forums through which states seek to balance their willingness to work cooperatively and their desire to respect each other's sovereignty. Courses in this specialization provide students with the analytical tools necessary to understand how these organizations function and to carefully evaluate their activities across a wide range of international issues.

For more information contact Dr. Martin Edwards.

DIPL 6002
International Organizations *  
DIPL 6004 Peacemaking and Peacekeeping  
DIPL 6005 Public International Law  
DIPL 6007 U.N. Insider's View  
DIPL 6015 Human Resources Management in International Organizations  
DIPL 6031 International Environmental Policy  
DIPL 6113 International Finance Institutions  
DIPL 6119
New Approaches to Managing the Evolving Conflict Environment

DIPL 6120
Catholic Peacemaking

DIPL 6121
Catholic Peacemaking Intensive Study Seminar

DIPL 6134 Nuclear Weapons in International Relations  
DIPL 6201 UN Security Council Issues  
DIPL 6202 Politics at the UN: Relevance and Reform  
DIPL 6252 Institutions of Post-Conflict Governance  
DIPL 6278 Global Health Diplomacy  
DIPL 6401 European Union: Development and Dynamics  
DIPL 6402 European Union: Governance and Policy  
DIPL 6403 European Union: External Relations  
DIPL 6408 Kosovo Study Seminar  
DIPL 6409 Small State Diplomacy: Portugal's Role in International Affairs  
DIPL 6410 European Union Study Seminar in Luxembourg  
DIPL 6710 African Union Seminar  
* Required foundation course for specialization.  

International Security
This specialization is designed to examine the causes, consequences, and array of strategies for addressing problems related to war and peace in world politics. It aims to provide students with a solid conceptual foundation for understanding a variety of contemporary and historical international conflicts. Students will consider not only topics of interstate use of force, but also various intrastate conflicts and emerging security problems including terrorism, resources and environmental security, dangers of global health, and issues of human security, which all have profound international implications. The goal is to train students with the knowledge and analytical skills to form independent opinions regarding the nature, origins, and policy prescriptions of a given international security issue.
 
This specialization prepares students for careers in government services and other public or private organizations that can influence national foreign and security policies. Students wishing to seek success in public policy areas such as health, environment, and energy will also benefit from this specialization in their future careers. In addition, the extensive coverage of international security issues by this specialization will provide students interested in working at multinational corporations with excellent background knowledge and ability to assess international business opportunities.

For more information contact Dr. Yinan He.

DIPL 6119
New Approaches to Managing the Evolving Conflict Environment

DIPL 6130 International Security *  
DIPL 6131 Causes of War  
DIPL 6132 American Grand Strategy  
DIPL 6133 Energy and Resource Security  
DIPL 6134 Nuclear Weapons in International Relations  
DIPL 6195 Creating a 21st Century Diplomacy  
DIPL 6196 Talking with the Enemy  
DIPL 6197 U.S. Policy on Stabilization and Reconstruction in Fragile States  
DIPL 6277 Global Health, Bioterrorism, and International Security  
DIPL 6409 Small State Diplomacy: Portugal's Role in International Affairs  
DIPL 6520 Politics of Terrorism in the Middle East  
DIPL 6610 China's Rise: Opportunities and Challenges  
DIPL 6622 China 's Foreign Relations  
* Required foundation course for specialization. B.S./M.A. candidates who have completed DIPL 2120 with a B+ or better have fulfilled the foundation course requirement for the specialization and should take three other courses from the specialization. 

Post-Conflict State Reconstruction and Sustainability

For more information contact Dr. Fredline M'Cormack-Hale.

DIPL 6004 Peacemaking and Peacekeeping
 
DIPL 6119
New Approaches to Managing the Evolving Conflict Environment

DIPL 6120
Catholic Peacemaking

DIPL 6121
Catholic Peacemaking Intensive Study Seminar

DIPL 6250 Conflict and Conflict Resolution in Plural Societies
 
DIPL 6251 Justice, Truth and Reconciliation in Post-Conflict Societies
 
DIPL 6252 Institutions of Post-Conflict Governance
 
DIPL 6253 Civil Conflict and Development
 
DIPL 6408 Kosovo Study Seminar  


Africa
Encompassing more than 50 countries with a combined population of about 800 million, Africa is the second largest continent. Its almost unparalleled diversity, coupled with frequent outside interventions, has put the post-colonial African state under enormous stress. The courses in this specialization raise pertinent issues affecting the African continent; examine the domestic and foreign economic, political, social, and cultural variables that have shaped and continue to shape present-day Africa; and investigate measures that have been taken to combat the negative effects of the globalization process on African nations.

For more information contact Dr. Assefaw Bariagaber

DIPL 6700 International Relations of African States  
DIPL 6701 20th Century Africa
 
DIPL 6702 African Political Institutions  
DIPL 6703 American Foreign Policy in Africa  
DIPL 6704 Economic Development in Africa  
DIPL 6710 African Union Seminar  
DIPL 6717 Africa: Displacement and Conflict
 
DIPL 6153 Comparative Political Economy of Development **
 
DIPL 6170 Advanced Topics in Economic Development for International Affairs **
 

** Qualifies for inclusion, provided the student completes the region-specific requirements within the course.

Asia

Asia is a region that has significant implications for world peace and prosperity. The region has seen some of the past century's fiercest battles and still includes areas of great potential dangers to international security, such as North Korea and the Taiwan Straits. It includes Japan, the second largest economy in the world and one of the most important treaty allies of the US; China, the most populous nation poised to be the next superpower in the 21st century; and Indonesia, the largest Muslim state in the world. Home to approximately 60 percent of the Earth's population, Asia accounts for one third of U.S. total trade, and is growing at a rapid pace. These critical security, political, and economic ties with Asia make it clear that the region is and will remain of vital importance.

Studying such a populous and diverse region not only strengthens students' cross-cultural understanding and competency, but prepares them to address the tremendous opportunities and challenges brought by the rapid changes in this region. Knowledge of Asia is useful for students who anticipate careers in government, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), and international business, as well as academia.

For more information contact Dr. Yanzhong Huang

DIPL 6601
Sino - US Relations
 
DIPL 6602
Islam in Southeast Asia
 
DIPL 6610
China's Rise: Opportunities and Challenges
 
DIPL 6611
International Relations of Southeast Asia
 
DIPL 6622
China's Foreign Relations
 
DIPL 6153
Comparative Political Economy of Development **
 
DIPL 6170
Advanced Topics in Economic Development for International Affairs **
 
** Qualifies for inclusion, provided the student completes the region-specific requirements within the course.

Europe
Europe has experienced two dramatic changes since the end of the Cold War: the growth of the European Union into a supranational entity encompassing twenty-five members and numerous issues, and the political and economic transitions of the former Soviet States in Central and Eastern Europe. In order to understand how these changes affect the nature of the international system, this specialization combines studies in economics, security, international organizations, and cultural and ethnic diversity. It looks at the ever changing transnational relationship between Europe and the United States, as well as how the development of the European Union has reconfigured our understanding of the balance of power in international relations. This specialization includes courses on governance and the political economy of development, as well as courses on Eastern Europe in particular. Given the important political, economic, and social role that Europe plays in the 21st century, this specialization helps students to appreciate the region's evolving patterns of governance and power.

For more information contact Dr. Margarita Balmaceda

DIPL 6401
European Union: Development and Dynamics
 
DIPL 6402
European Union: Governance and Policy
 
DIPL 6403
European Union: External Relations
 
DIPL 6405
Foreign Policy of Post-Soviet States
 
DIPL 6406
Eastern Europe and Post-Soviet Politics
 
DIPL 6408
Kosovo Study Seminar
 
DIPL 6409 Small State Diplomacy: Portugal's Role in International Affairs  
DIPL 6410 European Union Seminar in Luxembourg  
DIPL 6422 Trans-Atlantic Relations and World Politics  
DIPL 6509 EU and Cyprus Seminar  
DIPL 6153 Comparative Political Economy and Development **  
 DIPL 6170  Advanced Topics in Economic Development for International Affairs **  
** Qualifies for inclusion, provided the student completes the region-specific requirements within the course.

Latin American and the Caribbean
Latin America and the Caribbean is a region rich in history, culture, and political importance. This specialization provides students with the substantive knowledge and conceptual tools necessary to understand the countries and peoples of this region as well as its role in international affairs. In particular, the courses in this specialization examine the significant role the United States has played in the political and economic evolution of Latin America. They also explore how Latin America's colonial history and struggles with development have not prevented it from helping to shape some of the most important forces in international affairs, from globalization to the spread of democracy. Additionally, these courses investigate the similarities and differences among and between the countries of Latin America by focusing on issues such as culture, economic well-being, political governance, and human dignity. As a result, students in this specialization are well-prepared to work for public sector, private sector, and nonprofit organizations focused on or active in Latin America and the Caribbean.

For more information contact Dr. Benjamin Goldfrank

DIPL 6801
U.S. Foreign Policy in Latin America and the Caribbean
 
DIPL 6803
Politics and Society in Latin America and the Caribbean
 
DIPL 6806
Political Economy of Latin America and the Caribbean
 
DIPL 6153
Comparative Political Economy of Development **
 
DIPL 6170
Advanced Topics in Economic Development for International Affairs **
 
** Qualifies for inclusion, provided the student completes the region-specific requirements within the course.

Middle East
The Middle East specialization enables students to gain a comprehensive overview of the Middle East, universally recognized as one of the most important regions in the geopolitical map of the world. The United States and other international actors are engaged in an ambitious and far-reaching program of transformational diplomacy in the Middle East aimed at resolving the region's ongoing conflicts. This would create an environment in which democratic norms and values could be fostered and peace and prosperity enhanced. The courses in this specialization provide students with the conceptual tools to understand the challenges and opportunities of the changing Middle East. This specialization prepares students for careers in the US State Department, the numerous security agencies, the Department of Homeland Security, other departments of the federal government, non-governmental organizations and corporations dealing with the Middle East. Currently there is a significant demand for professionals with knowledge of this region.

For more information contact Dr. Assefaw Bariagaber

DIPL 6116
Palestinian-Israeli Peace Process
 
DIPL 6500
The Modern Middle East: History, Challenges and Opportunities
 
DIPL 6501
The Modern Middle East: U.S. Involvement
 
DIPL 6502
Islamic Religion and Culture
 
DIPL 6503
Women/Gender in Islam
 
DIPL 6505
Afghanistan: History and Current Issues
 
DIPL 6506
Energy Policies in the 21st Century
 
DIPL 6510
The Persian Gulf in the 21st Century
 
DIPL 6520
Politics of Terrorism in the Middle East
 
DIPL 6153
Comparative Political Economy of Development **
 
DIPL 6170
Advanced Topics in Economic Development for International Affairs **
 
** Qualifies for inclusion, provided the student completes the region-specific requirements within the course.

Director of Graduate Admissions
Daniel Kristo
(973) 275-2142
daniel.kristo@shu.edu
Outcomes Link

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